What Are The Risk Factors?
There have been studies that show diabetes as a predisposing
factor for recurrent UTI. However, there are several other
risk factors that you should be aware of.
• Women Risk Factors
Sexual intercourse is actually a risk factor when it comes
to women and UTIs. Atrophic urethritis and vaginitis are
risk factors that women should be aware and this is also
called postmenopausal. Incomplete bladder emptying is also a
factor that you should know when it comes to this infection.
If you happen to have history of a UTI surgery, then you are
certainly at risk for another episode.
• Men Risk Factors
If there are abnormalities with the urinary tract function
or incomplete bladder emptying as well. Just like with
women, it is also a risk factor if you have had UTI surgery
in the past. Anal intercourse will surely put you at risk
for a UTI.
• Children Risk Factors
If there is any condition that may lead to urinary stasis,
then the child be at risk for a UTI. Poor urine flow would
also be a factor while constipation and impaired immune
function would be as well. Sexual abuse can contribute to a
UTI and impaired renal function.
The Symptoms Of A Urinary
The common symptoms would have to be dysuria, urgency,
nocturia, frequency, haematuria and suprapubic discomfort.
These are all symptoms that you can tell right away and you
should talk to your doctor right away. Some of the signs to
look after would have to be tenderness in the suprapubic and
cloudy or even bad smelling urine. The symptoms for the
elderly would be fever, shock, anorexia, confusion and
When you are trying to take care of a child with a UTI, then
it is important that you get a clean catch urine sample from
the child and this is easier for children that happen to be
toilet-trained. You can consider getting an ultrasound for
some children to get a visual on the anomalies.
What Causes Recurrent Urinary
Urine is naturally sterile but the infection starts to grow
when bacteria gets into the urine and then grows. The
infection will often start where the urethra starts and then
it moves towards the urinary tract. The main problem or
culprit in about 90% of infections is caused by E. Coli or
Escherichia coli. This is normally found near the anus or in
The most common causes of a UTI would be sexual intercourse
and poor hygiene. Urinating helps flush bacteria out of your
urethra but if there is too much bacteria, then the
urinating may not help as much. The bacteria will then go up
the urethra and into the bladder where it will grow and then
cause an infection. The infection can then get worse as the
bacteria will move upwards via the ureters. If the bacteria
reaches the kidney, it can cause sever problems like kidney
Who Is Most At Risk For UTIs?
People who have conditions that will block the urinary tract
will be more at risk and this includes kidney stones as
well. Also people who have medical conditions that cause
incomplete urination are at risk for a UTI. Other people
that might be at risk would be those that have suppressed
immune systems and this can mean those with diabetes or
AIDS. Those who are going through chemotherapy are also at
high risk of an infection because they are taking
Women who are very sexually active are at risk for a UTI and
this largely due to the fact that there is a lot of bacteria
that will be entering the bladder. However, urinating after
intercourse is a good way to help decrease the chances of
getting a UTI. Some studies have shown that breastfeeding
can help decrease the risk of of getting a UTI.
Men who happen to have enlarged prostates can be at risk for
a UTI because it will lead to incomplete urination and this
is mainly seen in older men.
Males are less likely to develop a UTI because their
urethras are longer and there is also a drier environment
where the man's urethra is.
• Special Groups That Are At Risk
Very young infants are at high risk because of the amount of
bacteria that enters their urinary tract through other parts
of their body.
- Young Children
Little children will have a tough time with wiping
themselves and making sure that they are clean after a bowel
movement. Good hygiene is surely a big factor when it comes
to recurrent urinary tract infections.
- Hospitalized Patients
Hospitalized patients or even nursing home residents are at
high risk of getting a UTI. Since these patients are
catheterized for a long period, they are more vulnerable to
infections in the urinary tract.
A urinary tract infection is something that can truly be
avoided but it really is all about knowing more about the
infection and understanding what causes it. The problem that
most people have is that they are just not knowledgeable
about UTIs and what the real symptoms are. There are also a
lot of risk factors and symptoms that you should keep in
mind. This is a basic information about urinary tract
infections but it will help you understand more about the
infection and how you can avoid it. Understand that it is a
good idea to always consult your doctor once you start to
feel or see the symptoms.