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Prostatitis is a term that is used to describe various inflammatory conditions affecting the prostate gland which may be infectious or non-infectious. Chronic inflammation of the prostate can lead to persistent pain that is hard to treat. Most cases of bacterial prostatitis are caused by E.coli and Klebsiella while nonbacterial prostatitis are often caused by Chlamydia trachomatis or Ureaplasma urealuticum. chronic bacterial prostatitis patients are at increased risk of recurrent urinary tract infections. The patients may present with localized or systemic symptoms ( such as fever, malaise and chills). Acute Bacterial prostatitis generally affects younger men.
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Basics of Prostatitis -
Prostatitis is a condition which causes swelling, or can result when the prostate gland gets infected, and is typically a painful condition. There are different types of Prostatitis conditions one may contract, which will vary based on the duration of time the male has had the condition, as well as the symptoms which come along with it. There are certain instances when the condition is caused by a bacterial infection, while other cases the cause of the condition is unknown.

Symptoms & Pains One Feels if They Have Prostatitis -
There are various symptoms one might feel in the event Prostatitis is the infection which they are dealing with. For those who have a long term or chronic condition the pain and symptoms will often be mild at first and will begin to be felt over a period of weeks and months early on. Some of the symptoms include:
- burning pain during urination;
- waking up several times during the evening to urinate;
- pain the lower back (between anus and testicles);
- pain during (or after) ejaculation;
- urge or need to urinate often; and,
- pain at the tip of the penis.
For men who have acute Prostatitis, the symptoms are going to be similar, if not idential, only that they are going to come all of a sudden, and they are going to be extremely severe and painful from the onset, rather than mild and take a period of time to turn up. Certain men who have a condition of acute Prostatitis are also going to sometimes have fever and chills which will be part of the symptoms they are going to feel with this infection. In rare ocassions, there are men who do not feel any conditions at all if they do contract the Prostatitis infection.

Diagnosis of Prostatitis

In order to have the condition diagnosed, a doctor will be able to tell the patient if they have Prostatitis, based on the symptoms, and in many instances based on past health of the male in general. Blood, uring, and a rectal exam are also some of the methods in which a doctor might be able to diagnose a patient and inform them that they have the Prostatitis infection, and whether it is acute or whether it is a long term infection they are dealing with. The various exams are going to diagnose the type of infection patients have when dealing with this type of infection.

Digital rectal examination often reveals a warm, tender, swollen prostate. Prostatic massage may be performed in some cases to obtain secretions for microscopy and culture, but this procedure should not be performed when there is suspicion of acute prostatitis, as it may cause bacteria sepsis ( dissemination of bacteria in the bloodstream).

Urine analysis and culture may yield positive bacterial counts in bacterial prostatitis, while increased white blood cell count and negative culture from prostatic secretions is more suggestive of nonbacterial prostatitis.

Treatment for Prostatitis
If the Prostatitis is caused by bacteria, men can treat it with antibiotics in order to kill it, as well as some self- care tips which their doctor will give them. Over the counter pain relievers are sometimes suggested to patients in order to alleviate the pain, and the doctor you see might also prescribe certain prescription medications for the Prostatitis in oder to treat the pain and reduce any swelling. In certain conditions stool softeners might be part of the treatment process. No matter how severe the condition is, surgical treatments are rarely ever the choice for a Prostatitis infection.

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